APPENDIX - RYOBA, J.M. (1974) "Report on the Irrigation System in Ulaya Ujamaa Village", internal report, Agricultural Field Officer Grade II, Ilonga Research Station, Kilosa, Tanzania
Ulaya Ujamaa Village is one of the six villages visited by the food technology extension team from Ilonga. The activities carried out in this village are food demonstrations and horticulture.
The horticulture plot was started in the village with an area of 0.25 acre (0.1 hectare) in which cabbages, onions, tomatoes and egg plants (aubergines) were planted, each in a small area. The expansion of the area was made difficult by the irrigation system used at the time. If the whole area was to be irrigated adequately, more villagers had to come down every morning and evening to do the watering before going out to other village projects. This slackened down other projects in progress and made it difficult to grow vegetables during the dry season.
The installation of the pedal pump eliminated the irrigation and enabled the villagers to expand their horticulture plot to about 1 acre (0.4 hectare). The pump also reduced the number of people who did the watering. Instead of ten, now only 2 people could do the watering, one pedalling and the other watering with a hose pipe. The ploy expanded rapidly to about 1.25 acres and enabled the villagers to sell about 100 kg of vegetables ervy week, being the most productive village the same project was carried out in the other five villages, but with bucket irrigation.
As the pump was installed at a small well near the plot, it made it possible to produce vegetables far into the dry season and long after other villages had stopped producing due to the dry spell.
The village obtained more then US$ 125 from their plot in comparison with the five others, which each obtained not more than US$ 25......
.........If vegetable growing is to be regarded as one of the cash earning enterprises for the Ujamaa Villages, then hand pumps or pedal pumps preferably of higher output but cheap and easily made and repaired should be designed and made available for the villagers to buy.
This will encourage vegetable growing both for village consumption and also for selling, whereby the purchasing power of the villagers can be greatly increased.
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